Conclusion: The changes shown here most probably reflect an improvement in emotion regulation capacities in BPD and demonstrate the possibility of modulating disturbed emotion regulation processes.
Since long-term follow-up data are still missing, the sustainability of the suggestive improvements still has to be proven in further studies. Studies show that people with borderline personality disorder can have structural and functional changes in the brain especially in the areas that control impulses and emotional regulation. But is it not clear whether these changes are risk factors for the disorder, or caused by the disorder. Environmental, Cultural, and Social Factors.
Many people with borderline personality disorder report experiencing traumatic life events, such as abuse, abandonment, or adversity during childhood. Others may have been exposed to unstable, invalidating relationships, and hostile conflicts. Tests and Diagnosis A licensed mental health professional—such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or clinical social worker—experienced in diagnosing and treating mental disorders can diagnose borderline personality disorder by: Completing a thorough interview, including a discussion about symptoms Performing a careful and thorough medical exam, which can help rule out other possible causes of symptoms Asking about family medical histories, including any history of mental illness Borderline personality disorder often occurs with other mental illnesses.
Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is the first-line treatment for people with borderline personality disorder. Two examples of psychotherapies used to treat borderline personality disorder include: Dialectical Behavior Therapy DBT : This type of therapy was developed for individuals with borderline personality disorder.
DBT uses concepts of mindfulness and acceptance or being aware of and attentive to the current situation and emotional state. DBT also teaches skills that can help: Control intense emotions Reduce self-destructive behaviors Improve relationships Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT : This type of therapy can help people with borderline personality disorder identify and change core beliefs and behaviors that underlie inaccurate perceptions of themselves and others, and problems interacting with others.
CBT may help reduce a range of mood and anxiety symptoms and reduce the number of suicidal or self-harming behaviors. Medications Because the benefits are unclear, medications are not typically used as the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder. However, in some cases, a psychiatrist may recommend medications to treat specific symptoms such as: mood swings depression other co-occurring mental disorders Treatment with medications may require care from more than one medical professional.
Other Elements of Care Some people with borderline personality disorder experience severe symptoms and need intensive, often inpatient, care. Therapy for Caregivers and Family Members Families and caregivers of people with borderline personality disorder may also benefit from therapy. This type of therapy helps by: Allowing the relative or loved one develop skills to better understand and support a person with borderline personality disorder Focusing on the needs of family members to help them understand the obstacles and strategies for caring for someone with borderline personality disorder.
Although more research is needed to determine the effectiveness of family therapy in borderline personality disorder, studies on other mental disorders suggest that including family members can help in a person's treatment. Finding Help More information about finding a health care provider or treatment for mental disorders in general is available on our Help for Mental Illness webpage. Tips for Family and Caregivers To help a friend or relative with the disorder: Offer emotional support, understanding, patience, and encouragement—change can be difficult and frightening to people with borderline personality disorder, but it is possible for them to get better over time Learn about mental disorders, including borderline personality disorder, so you can understand what the person with the disorder is experiencing Encourage your loved one who is in treatment for borderline personality disorder to ask about family therapy Seek counseling for yourself from a therapist.
It should not be the same therapist that your loved one with borderline personality disorder is seeing. Free Brochures and Fact Sheets Borderline Personality Disorder : A brochure that offers basic information about borderline personality disorder, including signs and symptoms, treatment, and finding help.
Suicide in America: Frequently Asked Questions : Fact sheet can help you, or a friend or family member, learn about the signs and symptoms, risk factors and warning signs, and ongoing research about suicide and suicide prevention.
Yet inappropriate anger, impulsiveness and frequent mood swings may push others away, even though you want to have loving and lasting relationships. Borderline personality disorder usually begins by early adulthood. The condition seems to be worse in young adulthood and may gradually get better with age. If you have borderline personality disorder, don't get discouraged. Many people with this disorder get better over time with treatment and can learn to live satisfying lives.
Borderline personality disorder affects how you feel about yourself, how you relate to others and how you behave. If you're aware that you have any of the signs or symptoms above, talk to your doctor or a mental health provider. If you have fantasies or mental images about hurting yourself or have other suicidal thoughts, get help right away by taking one of these actions:. If you notice signs or symptoms in a family member or friend, talk to that person about seeing a doctor or mental health provider.
But you can't force someone to seek help. If the relationship causes you significant stress, you may find it helpful to see a therapist yourself. As with other mental health disorders, the causes of borderline personality disorder aren't fully understood. In addition to environmental factors — such as a history of child abuse or neglect — borderline personality disorder may be linked to:. Adverb The movie is only borderline funny.
Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Still, from through the '92 season, the kingpin owners of CART declined to call, and Paul wound up in borderline equipment owned by lesser teams.
They Played Better. First Known Use of borderline Adjective , in the meaning defined at sense 1a Adverb , in the meaning defined above.
Learn More about borderline. Time Traveler for borderline The first known use of borderline was in See more words from the same year. Dictionary Entries near borderline Border Leicester borderless borderlight borderline borderline personality disorder border on border pen See More Nearby Entries. Style: MLA. Kids Definition of borderline. Comments on borderline What made you want to look up borderline? Get Word of the Day daily email!
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