Released on August 27, , Ten named after Mookie Blaylock's jersey number  contained eleven tracks dealing with dark subjects like depression, suicide, loneliness, and murder. Ten 's musical style, influenced by classic rock, combined an "expansive harmonic vocabulary" with an anthemic sound. Originally interpreted as an anthem by many,  Vedder later revealed that "Alive" tells the semi-autobiographical tale of a son discovering that his father is actually his stepfather, while his mother's grief turns her to sexually embrace her son, who strongly resembles the biological father.
In this lyric, even though Vedder originally looked at "being alive as a curse," as the sadness the speaker in the song suggests, " But as fans quickly turned the title phrase into a self-empowering anthem, particularly at Pearl Jam concerts, Vedder said, "they lifted the curse.
The audience changed the meaning for me," he told VH1 Storytellers in The song "Jeremy" and its accompanying video were inspired by a true story in which a high school student shot himself in front of his classmates. The band was criticized in the music press; British music magazine NME said that Pearl Jam was "trying to steal money from young alternative kids' pockets.
Pearl Jam toured relentlessly in support of Ten. Ament stated that "essentially Ten was just an excuse to tour," adding, "We told the record company, 'We know we can be a great band, so let's just get the opportunity to get out and play. Doing their first tour, you kind of knew it was happening and there was no stopping it.
Looking back at this time, Vedder said that "playing music and then getting a shot at making a record and at having an audience and stuff, it's just like an untamed force But it didn't come from jock mentality. It came from just being let out of the gates. The band members grew uncomfortable with their success, with much of the burden of Pearl Jam's popularity falling on frontman Vedder.
This action began a trend of the band refusing to make videos for its songs. Vedder felt that the concept of music videos robbed listeners from creating their own interpretations of the song, stating that "Before music videos first came out, you'd listen to a song with headphones on, sitting in a beanbag chair with your eyes closed, and you'd come up with your own visions, these things that came from within.
Then all of a sudden, sometimes even the first time you heard a song, it was with these visual images attached, and it robbed you of any form of self-expression. Pearl Jam headed into the studio in early facing the challenge of following up the commercial success of its debut. McCready said, "The band was blown up pretty big and everything was pretty crazy. As guitarists Stone Gossard and Mike McCready paint dense and slashing backdrops, he invites us into a drama of experiment and strife.
Industry insiders compared Pearl Jam's tour that year to the touring habits of Led Zeppelin , in that the band "ignored the press and took its music directly to the fans. Tour , the band set a cap on ticket prices in an attempt to thwart scalpers. By , Pearl Jam was "fighting on all fronts", as its manager described the band at the time.
Pearl Jam was committed to keeping their concert ticket prices down but Fred Rosen of Ticketmaster refused to waive the service charge. Since Ticketmaster controlled most major venues, the band was forced to create from scratch its own outdoor stadiums in rural areas in order to perform.
Pearl Jam's efforts to organize a tour without the ticket giant collapsed, which Pearl Jam said was evidence of Ticketmaster's monopoly.
An analysis of journalist Chuck Philips investigative series       in a well known legal monograph  concluded that it was hard to imagine a legitimate reason for Ticketmaster's exclusive contracts with venues and contracts which covered such a lengthy period of time. The authors said, "The pervasiveness of Ticketmaster's exclusive agreements, coupled with their excessive duration and the manner in which they are procured, supported a finding that Ticketmaster had engaged in anticompetitive conduct under section 2 of the Sherman Act.
The United States Department of Justice was investigating the company's practices at the time and asked the band to create a memorandum of its experiences with the company. Band members Gossard and Ament testified at a subcommittee investigation on June 30, in Washington, D. Pearl Jam's manager said he was gratified that Congress recognized the problem as a national issue. Pearl Jam wrote and recorded while touring behind Vs.
Tensions within the band had dramatically increased by this time. Producer Brendan O'Brien said, " Vitalogy was a little strained. I'm being polite—there was some imploding going on. The band cited political differences between Abbruzzese and the other members; for example, Abbruzzese disagreed with the Ticketmaster boycott. Irons made his debut with the band at Neil Young's Bridge School Benefit , but he was not officially announced as the band's new drummer until its Self-Pollution satellite radio broadcast, a four-and-a-half-hour-long pirate broadcast out of Seattle which was available to any radio stations that wanted to carry it.
Vitalogy was released first on November 22, on vinyl and then two weeks later on December 6, on CD and cassette. The CD became the second-fastest-selling in history, with more than , units sold in its first week. Considered a "blatantly great pop song" by producer Brendan O'Brien, Pearl Jam was reluctant to record it and had initially rejected it from Vs. The band continued its boycott against Ticketmaster during its tour for Vitalogy , but was surprised that virtually no other bands joined in.
Had to prove we could tour on our own, and it pretty much killed us, killed our career. Contractual obligations prevented the use of the band's name anywhere on the album, but the members were all credited individually in the album's liner notes.
Following the round of touring for Vitalogy , the band went into the studio to record its follow-up, No Code. Vedder said, "Making No Code was all about gaining perspective. David Browne of Entertainment Weekly stated that " No Code displays a wider range of moods and instrumentation than on any previous Pearl Jam album. It's about growing up. As with Vitalogy , very little touring was done to promote No Code because of the band's refusal to play in Ticketmaster's venue areas.
A European tour took place in the fall of Gossard stated that there was "a lot of stress associated with trying to tour at that time" and that "it was growing more and more difficult to be excited about being part of the band. Following the short tour for No Code , the band went into the studio in to record its follow-up. The sessions for the band's fifth album represented more of a team effort among all members of the group, with Ament stating that "everybody really got a little bit of their say on the record The album was cited as a return to the band's early, straightforward rock sound.
Perhaps mindful of their position as the last alt-rock ambassadors with any degree of clout, they've come up with their most cohesive album since their debut, Ten.
The band hired comic book artist Todd McFarlane to create an animated video for the song " Do the Evolution " from the album, its first music video since In April , Pearl Jam once again changed drummers. Jack Irons left the band due to dissatisfaction with touring and was replaced with former Soundgarden drummer Matt Cameron on an initially temporary basis,  but he soon became a permanent replacement for Irons.
The band's anti-trust lawsuit against Ticketmaster had proven to be unsuccessful and hindered live tours. Many fans had complained about the difficulty in obtaining tickets and the use of non-Ticketmaster venues, which were judged to be out-of-the-way and impersonal. For this tour and future tours, Pearl Jam once again began using Ticketmaster in order to "better accommodate concertgoers.
Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers. It was recorded during a soundcheck and released on the band's fan club Christmas single. The following year, the cover was put into heavy rotation across the country.
By popular demand, the cover was released to the public as a single in , with all of the proceeds going to the aid of refugees of the Kosovo War. Following its full-scale tour in support of Yield , the band took a short break, but then reconvened toward the end of and commenced work on a new album.
On May 16, , Pearl Jam released its sixth studio album, Binaural. It was drummer Matt Cameron's studio recording debut with the band. The title is a reference to the binaural recording techniques that were utilized on several tracks by producer Tchad Blake , known for his use of the technique.
Gossard stated that the band members "were ready for a change. The album sold just over , copies and became the first Pearl Jam studio album to fail to reach platinum status.
Pearl Jam decided to record every show on its Binaural Tour professionally, after noting the desire of fans to own a copy of the shows they attended and the popularity of bootleg recordings.
The band had been open in the past about allowing fans to make amateur recordings,  and these "official bootlegs" were an attempt to provide a more affordable and better quality product for fans. Pearl Jam released all of the albums in record stores as well as through its fan club. The band released 72 live albums in and , and twice set a record for most albums to debut in the Billboard at the same time.
Nine fans were crushed underfoot and suffocated to death as the crowd rushed to the front. After numerous requests for the crowd to step back, the band stopped playing and tried to calm the crowd when the musicians realized what was happening, but it was already too late. The two remaining dates of the tour were canceled and members of the band contemplated retiring after this event. A month after the European tour concluded, the band embarked on its two-leg North American tour.
On performing after the Roskilde tragedy, Vedder said that "playing, facing crowds, being together—it enabled us to start processing it. Vedder took the opportunity to thank the many people who had helped the band come together and make it to ten years. He noted that "I would never do this accepting a Grammy or something. The concert, which aired on September 21, , raised money for the victims and their families. Pearl Jam commenced work on a new album following a year-long break after its full-scale tour in support of Binaural.
McCready described the recording environment as "a pretty positive one" and "very intense and spiritual. It's a weird time to be writing. Roskilde changed the shape of us as people, and our filter for seeing the world changed. The album featured a much more folk -based and experimental sound, evident in the presence of B3 organist Boom Gaspar on songs such as " Love Boat Captain ". Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic said " Riot Act is the album that Pearl Jam has been wanting to make since Vitalogy —a muscular art rock record, one that still hits hard but that is filled with ragged edges and odd detours.
Vedder only performed this song nine times on the tour, and the band left the track off all released bootlegs. The band continued its official bootleg program, making every concert from the tour available in CD form through its official website.
Bush , with a rubber mask of Bush, wearing it at the beginning of the song and then hanging it on a mic stand to allow him to sing. The band made news when it was reported that several fans left after Vedder had "impaled" the Bush mask on his mic stand at the band's Denver, Colorado show.
In June , Pearl Jam announced it was officially leaving Epic Records following the end of its contract with the label. The band stated it had "no interest" in signing with another label. After screening an early print of the film, Pearl Jam recorded the song for him. This release marked the end of Pearl Jam's contractual agreement with Epic Records.
Pearl Jam played a show at Easy Street Records in Seattle in April ; recordings from the show were compiled for the Live at Easy Street album and released exclusively to independent record stores in June The band embarked on a Canadian cross-country tour in September , kicking off the tour with a fundraising concert in Missoula, Montana for Democratic politician Jon Tester , then playing the Gorge Amphitheater before crossing into Canada. The official bootlegs for the band's shows were distributed via Pearl Jam's official website in MP3 form.
The time period between the two albums was the longest gap between Pearl Jam's studio albums to date and the new album was its first release for a new label. A number of critics cited Pearl Jam as a return to the band's early sound,   and McCready compared the new material to Vs. There's a kind of immediacy to the record, and that's what we were going for.
Pearl Jam also included the singles " Life Wasted " and " Gone ". To support Pearl Jam , the band embarked on its world tour. Vedder started both concerts with an emotional plea to the crowd to look after each other. He commented during the Leeds set that the band's decision to play a festival for the first time after Roskilde had nothing to do with "guts" but with trust in the audience.
Pearl Jam began work for the follow-up to Pearl Jam in early Pearl Jam reached a deal with Target to be the exclusive big-box store retailer for the album in the United States.
The album also saw release through the band's official website, independent record stores, online retailers, and iTunes. An additional leg consisting of a tour of Oceania took place afterwards. In March , bassist Jeff Ament told Billboard that the band had 25 songs and they'd be heading into the studio in April to begin recording the follow-up to Backspacer. On July 11, , the band announced that their tenth studio album Lightning Bolt would be released internationally on October 14, and on the next day in the United States, along with releasing the first single " Mind Your Manners ".
At the ceremony they were inducted by comedian David Letterman. The band launched a tour with shows in South America in March , including shows at the Lollapalooza festival events in Brazil, Chile and Argentina, with the latter being cancelled due to heavy rain the night before.
Compared with the other grunge bands of the early s, Pearl Jam's style is noticeably less heavy and harkens back to the classic rock music of the s. Pearl Jam has broadened its musical range with subsequent releases.
As he had more influence on the band's sound, Vedder sought to make the band's musical output less catchy. He said, "I felt that with more popularity, we were going to be crushed, our heads were going to pop like grapes.
The songs on the album featured elements of garage rock , worldbeat , and experimentalism. The band's album, Pearl Jam , was cited as a return to their early sound. His lyrics have often invoked the use of storytelling and have included themes of freedom , individualism , and sympathy for troubled individuals. The dynamic began to change when Vedder started to play more rhythm guitar during the Vitalogy era.
McCready said in , "Even though there are three guitars, I think there's maybe more room now. Stone will pull back and play a two-note line and Ed will do a power chord thing, and I fit into all that.
Music critic Jim DeRogatis said in the aftermath of the band's battle with Ticketmaster that it "proved that a rock band which isn't comprised of greed heads can play stadiums and not milk the audience for every last dime The blurb called Pearl Jam "the rare superstars who still play as though each show could be their last.
When asked about Pearl Jam's legacy in a interview, Vedder said, "I think at some point along the way we began feeling we wanted to give people something to believe in because we all had bands that gave that to us when we needed something to believe in.
That was the big challenge for us after the first record and the response to it. The goal immediately became how do we continue to be musicians and grow and survive in view of all this The answers weren't always easy, but I think we found a way. Throughout its career, Pearl Jam has promoted wider social and political issues, from pro-choice sentiments to opposition to George W.
The band has promoted an array of causes, including awareness of Crohn's disease , which Mike McCready suffers from, Ticketmaster venue monopolization and the environment and wildlife protection, among others. The band, and especially frontman Eddie Vedder, have been vocal supporters of the pro-choice movement. In , Spin printed an article by Vedder, entitled "Reclamation", which detailed his views on abortion.
As members of Rock the Vote and Vote for Change , the band has encouraged voter registration and participation in United States elections. Vedder was outspoken in support of Green Party presidential candidate Ralph Nader in ,  and Pearl Jam played a series of concerts on the Vote for Change tour in October , supporting the candidacy of John Kerry for U. In a Rolling Stone feature showcasing the Vote for Change tour's performers, Vedder told the magazine, "I supported Ralph Nader in , but it's a time of crisis.
We have to get a new administration in. In , the members of Pearl Jam founded the non-profit organization Vitalogy Foundation. Named after their third studio album , the foundation supports non-profit organizations working in the fields of community health, the environment, arts, education and social change. Vedder sometimes comments on politics between songs, often to criticize U.
In the beginning of the second encore Vedder invited Iraq war veteran Tomas Young, the subject of the documentary Body of War , onto the stage to urge an end to the war. Pearl Jam has performed numerous benefit concerts in aid of charities. For example, the band headlined a Seattle concert in to support the United Nations' efforts to combat world hunger. In , Pearl Jam was named Planet Defenders by Rock The Earth for their environmental activism and their large-scale efforts to decrease their own carbon emissions.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the band. For the band's eponymous album, see Pearl Jam album. Retrieved 7 August Retrieved June 11, Pearl Jam. Ten Vs. Merkin Ball. Book Category. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Use mdy dates from April Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Articles with hAudio microformats Singlechart usages for UKsinglesbyname Singlechart called without song Singlechart usages for Billboardhot Singlechart usages for Billboardalternativesongs Singlechart usages for Billboardmainstreamrock Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz release group identifiers Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers.
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Australian Singles Chart . Canadian RPM Alternative 30 . Polish Singles Chart . US Billboard Hot . The Thomaston Times. May 20, Archived from the original on July 17, July 12, Retrieved April 10, Retrieved July 22, Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved November 22, — via Google Books. Frank Wilson And The Cavaliers". BBC Radio 2. September 26, Frank Wilson Biography". Retrieved August 18, Archived from the original on August 1, Retrieved November 22, Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved September 27, St Ives, N.
Pop Annual. July 19, July 1, Seattle Post-Intelligencer. July 30, New York: Sony Music. Recording Industry Association of America. The Boston Globe. May 24, Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved October 19, August 6, Retrieved October 5, Single Top Top 40 Singles.
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